What is ego? Recognising the ego within yourself and within others is a sure way to find inner peace. Recognising ego for what it is means that you are no longer caught up in it, no longer in its control. To be able to recognise it, you must know what it is.
What Ego Is
What is ego? - Identification with form, giving rise to a false sense of self.
The word ego can have different meanings for different people. Here, and in most spiritual teachings, ego means identification with form - any form - a thought form, emotional form or physical form. This is where the human dysfunction lies, and most of our pain arises.
This identification with form gives rise to a false identity, a false sense of self. It is often referred to (particularly in buddhism) as the illusory self. It is a mental construct that you identify with. To identify with something means that you believe it is who you are.
This false sense of self is also referred to as the egoic self, and often is called "the ego".
Who you are then becomes conceptual. The term "I" then becomes a concept. You believe that form makes up who you are - your thoughts, emotions, name, body, possessions etc. are all invested with a sense of self, a sense of "I".
You then have a voice in your head that does not stop talking, judging, commenting on everything that happens, did happen or might happen. Life becomes completely conceptual, and you believe that the "voice in the head" (or sometimes "voices") is who you are. "This is me talking" says the voice in the head.
Who you think you are then basically consists of a bundle of mental-emotional thought patterns that have been conditioned by the past, looking to the future for relief of it all.
This identification with form, particularly thought and emotional forms, is where most of humanity's suffering and so-called "evil doings" arise. This is also where the fear of death comes from.
What You Are
So if you are not your thoughts, emotions, not any physical form including your perceived physical body, then what are you?…
…You are awareness, aware that there is a thought, aware that there is an emotion, aware that there is a body, aware that there is a sense perception, aware of any egoic behaviour and attachment within yourself. You are the spacial awareness within which it all happens. You are actually not a "person" at all, but a field of pure awareness, pure consciousness.
If it were not for the awareness that you are, how could a thought, emotion, or any form even be perceived? Behind every thought and emotion is a still, aware consciousness that allows everything within it to be. This is who you are.
Realising this for yourself is what is often referred to as spiritual awakening.